city of Cartaxo

City of Cartaxo
History and small description of this beautiful city

Cartaxo is a Portuguese city in the district of Santarém, with about 10 700 inhabitants.

Since 2002 it has been integrated in the statistical region of Alentejo and in the statistical sub-region (NUTS III) of Lezíria do Tejo; however, he continues to be part of the Lisbon and Vale do Tejo Regional Coordination and Development Commission, which kept the old designation with the same name. It still belonged to the former province of Ribatejo, today but without any political-administrative significance, but constant in the discourses of self and hetero-identification. With 148 inhab./km², it is the city with the highest population density in the Alentejo.
It is the seat of a municipality with 158.17 km² in area and 24 462 inhabitants (2011),] ​​subdivided into 6 parishes. The municipality is limited to the north by the municipality of Santarém, to the east by Almeirim, to the southeast by Salvaterra de Magos and to the west by Azambuja. It is 65 km from Lisbon and 13 km from Santarém.
The existence of the village of Cartaxo will undoubtedly be very remote. The proximity of Santarém, whose walls were well disputed between Muslims and Christians, and the devastating incursions on the neighboring populations certainly reached the Cartaxo.
D. Sancho II called it “dead fire” and thought to repopulate the place of “Cartaxo” and neighboring Cartaxinho (now Ribeira do Cartaxo), so Pedro Pacheco gave his reguengueira land to build a hostel there. for the poor. Neither Pedro Pacheco nor his descendants fulfilled this obligation. Later, the locals asked D. Dinis to give them a settlement letter. D. Dinis complied with the request and granted a letter of charter to 20 men and their successors so that they could make “poor people” there in their “place in Cartaxo”. [8] They were obliged to give the king, each year, the eighth part of the bread, wine and linen, “with the bread on the threshing floor, the wine in the winepress and the linen in the tendal”; and the “monte maninhos” that they cultivated, only after 3 years, or 5 years if they were vineyards, is that they would demand payment of the forum. The same would apply to all future settlers in the place. They were also obliged to make good houses and good “very wide” pens. Abuses or crimes against someone were punished with 6,000 salaries and double payment for the damage caused. [8] This charter was later confirmed by D. João I on 27 July 1387, and by D. Manuel I on 4 November 1496.
One of the residents’ problems was related to the abuses of the “Justiças de Santarém”. Some documents allude to the fact, as well as to the royal repairs. This is demonstrated, for example, by a letter dated Almeirim, of 6 January 1458, in which D. Afonso V answered the complaints of the Cartaxenses against the arrogance of Gonçalo Galvão, judge of the town of Santarém.
The growing population increase and the progress of farming encouraged the claim for exemption from the jurisdiction of Santarém. Only in 1815, by permit issued in Rio de Janeiro, on December 10 of that year, D. João VI grants Cartaxo (then “Cartacho”) administrative independence and elevates it to the category of village, “(which) will have for term beyond its old Desctrito, the places of Vallada and Porto de Muge, and the Parishes of Valle da Pinta, Pontével, Ereira and Lapa… ”. The city was elevated to June 21, 1995.



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